Agriculture was the most important occupation of the people of the
district before the Aryans inhabited this area in the second millennium B.C.
The archaeological evidence reveals that agriculture was being practiced in
this region earlier than the Harappan culture; the earliest literary reference is
found in the Vaman Puran. In the Vedas, it is also mentioned that land was
laid out into regular fields ploughed and sown; the crops were reaped and
stored. Here, the system implies individual ownership, “in which wide fields,
vast treasures, spacious pastures, has Indra bestowed in his friends”. Katyayan
in his Vartik and Pantanjali in his Mahabhashya described that the word
‘Krishi’ included not only the tilling or ploughing the land but also other
operations like sowing, reaping, and feeding the cows and bullocks etc. 1
During the Mahabharata time, this region was a part of Kuru’s Janpada. The
King Kuru launched an ambitious plan to reclaim that vast region of the
Saraswati Valley for agriculture purposes in order to strengthen their economy
and political power.